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Diabetes Patients Reduce Cardiovascular Risk with Intensive Lifestyle Interventions
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends intensive lifestyle interventions for patients with type 2 diabetes. Evidence shows these interventions improve patients’ glycemic control and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Over a period of six months or longer, program staff provide patients ongoing counseling, coaching, or individualized guidance on dietary modifications, regular exercise, or both. Intervention components may include tailored advice on dietary changes, supervised exercise training, and weight loss goals.

Why is this important?
  • Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (CDC, 2016).
  • People with diabetes are twice as likely to have heart attack or a stroke as people without diabetes—and at an earlier age (CDC, 2016).
  • Medical costs for people with diabetes are 2.3 times higher than people without diabetes (CDC, 2017).
Click here to read a summary of the evidence review, find supporting materials, and learn more about what the task force found.
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