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Centers for Disease Control Special Interest Project Grants
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) created the Special Interest Projects (SIPs) program to support supplemental projects in health promotion and disease prevention research. The SIP mechanism, created in 1993, allows Prevention Research Centers (PRCs) such as the PRCHN to compete for research projects sponsored by CDC organizational units and other Health & Human Services agencies. A SIP is a health promotion and disease prevention research project that focuses on a topic of interest or a gap in knowledge or research. It can also support the development of effective state and local public health interventions and policies.
Prevention research includes applied public health research that develops and evaluates health promotion and disease prevention and control strategies that are community- and population-based. It can involve testing interventions for efficacy, effectiveness, or translational power; may focus on primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention; or may improve behavior, policy, or environmental structure, health systems, or socioeconomic factors. Prevention research may provide initial evidence of the efficacy or effectiveness of a health promotion or prevention strategy, raise current evidence to a higher level, or provide evidence of the effectiveness of a practice-based strategy.
SIP grants are only available to investigators affiliated with one of the 26 Prevention Research Centers in the national CDC network. PRCHN Affiliated Faculty are eligible to apply for SIP funding.
Four PRCHN proposals were awarded SIP grants for the five-year funding cycle that began October 1, 2014:
Siran Koroukian, PhD and Kathleen Smyth, PhD (co-principal investigators)
SIP 14­004 Promoting Public Health Understanding of Dementia
Patients with dementia: Common combinations and impact of co-occurring chronic illnesses
Dr. Martha Sajatovic, Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology
SIP 14­007 Managing Epilepsy Well (MEW) Network Collaborating Center
Self-management for people with epilepsy and a history of negative health events (SMART)
The SMART intervention is intended to reduce negative health events and improve self-management and quality of life for adults with epilepsy, and will target participants from lower-income urban locations, safety- net health systems, and the Veterans Health Care System. SMART will consist of web-based group sessions, telephone coaching, and peer support. The primary outcome will be change in number of negative health events, and additional outcomes of interest will include changes in quality of life, depressive symptoms, seizure control and resource use data.
Click here for more information on the national MEW network.
Dr. Martha Sajatovic, Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology
SIP 14­008: Testing New Communication Strategies to Improve Attitudes Toward
Communicating with youth in transition about epilepsy
People with epilepsy often experience stigma and social rejection, and while national organizations have recommended key messages to erase stigma, it is not clear how these should be effectively communicated to the general population. This 2-year proposal will use a medical literature review process, input from a community advisory board, and a randomized research trial to identify new communication strategies, aimed specifically at young people ages 18-29, that could be used to help erase epilepsy stigma.
Susan Flocke, PhD, Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Associate Director of the PRCHN
SIP 14­011 Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network (CPCRN) – Collaborating
The Greater Cleveland and Ohio Cancer Prevention Research Network
The research project will implement a systems-focused community-clinical linkage intervention to increase use of the evidence-based state QuitLine for smoking cessation. The PRCHN will partner with MetroHealth, the Ohio Department of Health, and the providers of the Ohio QuitLine, National Jewish Health. This work is aligned with national prevention priorities: reduction of tobacco use, community-clinical linkage interventions, systems change, sustainable interventions, and engaging local communities and state health departments. Joining the CPCRN to engage in collaborative projects and to conduct this study will accelerate our work to reduce the burden of cancer on disadvantaged populations.
Click here for more information on the Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network.
During the PRCHN's first funding cycle 2009-2014, two CWRU faculty members were funded through the SIP mechanism.
Dr. Martha Sajatovic, Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology
TIME (Targeted Self-Management for Epilepsy and Mental Illness)
This project worked with adults with both epilepsy and a serious mental illness such as severe depression, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia. The TIME program consisted of 12 weekly group sessions that included education, behavioral modeling, and group support.
Click here for more information on the TIME trial.
Susan Flocke, PhD, Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Associate Director of the PRCHN
Medical Resident Preparedness to Provide Obesity Counseling
This study included 26 primary care training programs in Ohio and used both qualitative and quantitative data collection to identify the scope and modalities of training for preparing primary care physicians to provide obesity, nutrition, and physical activity counseling; residents' self-efficacy, knowledge, and performance of counseling; and program features associated with variation in residents' self-efficacy, knowledge, and performance of counseling.